The raised sensitivity of a teeth (hyperesthesia) – a problem unpleasant and thus quite widespread. According to statistics, 40% of people are facing it. If your teeth react painfully to brushing your teeth or temperature changes during meals, or just to cold air, to different foods (salty, acidic, sweet), it’s time for you to go to the dentist and solve the problem.
Hyperesthesia is a condition in which toothache occurs, usually associated with the thinning of the enamel or with the exposure of the roots of the teeth due to the lowering of the gum. The pain can be both quite long, and periodically appear and disappear. In any case, if you are concerned about this symptom, you need to consult a doctor, since he can either testify about the presence of diseases, or lead to them. After all, pain can interfere with careful care of the oral cavity, and from this dental plaque accumulates faster, which can cause diseases of the teeth or gums.
What causes hypersensitivity?
- The erasure of enamel due to the regular use of a too hard toothbrush or paste with high abrasiveness, or because of too frequent cleaning of the teeth (more often three times a day)
- Erosion of enamel due to the use of acid-containing beverages (for example, sweet soda) and products
- Gum abscess (from age, due to insufficient care of the oral cavity or due to gum disease)
- Chipped or traumatized teeth
- Some dental procedures – whitening, professional cleaning of the mouth, the installation of seals or braces.
Treatment of tooth sensitivity in a doctor
Today, a dentist can easily solve your problem of hyperesthesia. There are several methods for this:
- Enamel coating with a strengthening fluorinated varnish
- Using a mouthpiece with a fluorine-containing solution
- Use of a composite material to seal the surface layer of enamel
Treatment of tooth sensitivity at home
First of all, it is worth remembering that one should not self-medicate, so that it does not lead to even worse consequences. At home it is necessary to use methods that the dentist will advise. Among them may be:
- Cleaning the teeth with a soft brush, as well as paste with reduced abrasiveness or a special paste for sensitive teeth. To strengthen the teeth can be used paste with a high content of fluoride
- Proper cleaning technique, without excessive pressure
Prophylaxis of tooth sensitivity
In order not to suffer from hyperesthesia, it is important to observe some rules initially. For example, correctly choose a toothbrush and toothpaste. Do not choose a paste with a lot of abrasive particles. By the way, high abrasiveness may be in whitening pastes – do not use them too often. It is important not only careful oral hygiene, but also the refusal to eat drinks and foods high in acidity, and do not use very cold and very hot foods together.
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